Agriculture activity: Modernisation and diversification
During 50 years, Moroccan agriculture has made great progress in terms of modernization and diversification. Then as now, farming is also one of the pillars of the Moroccan economy.
With four million jobs, the agricultural sector is one of the main sectors at the national level. The rural population is also estimated at 18 million people, which represents 49% of all households nationally.
The share of agricultural upstream in the national economy is considerable, with 74 billion dirhams, which corresponds to 14% of the gross domestic product (GDP). Despite repeated cycles of drought, agricultural GDP has more than doubled since the 60s.
Morocco has also improved its sufficiency for certain foodstuffs, in a context marked by an increase in the integration of international markets. The Kingdom ensures 100% of its needs meat, fruit and vegetables, 82% of its milk, 50% of its sugar requirements, 60% of its cereal needs and 20% of its oil needs.
Internationally, Agricultural imports represent between 14 and 24% of total imports. And as for agricultural exports, they represent between 15 and 21% of total exports.
n 2016, Morocco’s exports of agricultural and related products were $4.5 billion, while its imports were $5.7 billion. The European Union is Morocco’s primary trading partner, accounting for about 60 percent of Morocco’s agricultural exports.
In Morocco, Agriculture is a strategic sector, economically and socially. It plays major roles in terms of food security and nutrition, supply for agro-industry, employment, integration into the international markets, stabilization of populations in rural areas, and sustainable development.
What are the major sectors of Morocco’s agriculture?
Morocco’s agriculture can be divided into three major sectors:
1.Modern, private, irrigated, highly capitalized, and export-oriented farms producing mostly fruit and vegetables
2. Agriculture within reorganized large scale dam-irrigated perimeters producing mostly dairy, sugar crops, seeds, fruits and vegetables mostly for the local market
3.Rain-fed agriculture with more favorable land in the northwest (growing mostly grains, olives, pulses, red meat and dairy) and less favorable land in the south and east (growing mostly grains and non-intensive sheep production).
What is the Green Morocco Plan?
In April 2008, the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Maritime Fishing launched the Green Morocco Plan (Plan Maroc Vert) setting out the agriculture development strategy through 2020. It has two mains pillars:
1.Development of modern and competitive agriculture, vital for the national economy, through the realization of thousands of new projects, with a focus on high-value agriculture;
2.Support to small-holder agriculture through the implementation or professionalization of 545 projects of small farms in difficult rural areas, thereby promoting greater productivity, greater recovery of production and sustainability of farm income. This second pillar also seeks the conversion of cereal crops to higher-value alternatives and as well as value-added processing.
For more details http://www.agriculture.gov.ma/en
Fishing Industry :
The fishing sector in Morocco has developed an integrated, ambitious and comprehensive development in 2020 called "Halieutis. It aims at upgrading and modernization of various sectors of the fishing industry and improve its competitiveness and performance
The grand strategy of sector development meansbuild the sector into a genuine development opportunity in the Kingdom, and is basedon three main axes declined as projects: Sustainable use of resources and promotionof responsible fishing involving Fishermen also considered as major players in sector development The development of an efficient and quality fishing StrengtheningCompetitiveness. (Source: http://www.invest.gov.ma/?Id=66&lang=en&RefCat=6&Ref=149).